Albedo in boreal forest

Albedo in boreal forests serves as a strong climate forcing which potentially can offset the climate impact of carbon sequestration. To assess the albedo effect from different types of forest management in the Nordic countries, fine-resolution albedo products are needed to account for the patchiness and heterogeneity typical present in this biome. There are several albedo products available today. However, most of them have a spatial resolution ranging from approximately 0.25–20 km.

The overall aim of the project “Albedo in boreal forest” is to develop an estimation approach for retrieving fine-resolution albedo to evaluate the albedo effect in managed versus unmanaged forest.

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Mapping of drought stress in spruce using remote sensing

Spruce is an economically important tree species for the forestry industry in Norway. In recent years, with frequent periods of drought, it has been observed that spruce in several areas is susceptible to drought stress, which can lead to the death of trees either as a direct consequence of the drought or indirectly following bark beetle attacks. Therefore, there is a need to develop a mapping system that can provide a quick overview of the degree of drought stress for spruce stands within a given planning area.

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Predicting the impact of drought and increased temperatures on boreal forest ecosystems in Norway (PREDICT)

In the project “Predicting the impact of drought and increased temperatures on boreal forest ecosystems in Norway” (PREDICT), we are going to find out how the Norwegian spruce responds to climate change. We will do this through a large national network of meters that monitor the trees’ health online.

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The primary objective of SmartForest is to improve the efficiency of the Norwegian forest sector by enabling a digital revolution transforming forest information, silviculture, forest operations, wood supply and the overall digital information flow in the sector.

NMBU is leading the work packages 1, 5 and 6 (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1. Work package structure.

See the project web pages for more info.